America is the land of opportunity, just for some more than others.
That’s because, in large part, inequality starts in the crib. Rich parents can afford to spend more time and money on their kids, and that gap has only grown the past few decades. Indeed, economists Greg Duncan and Richard Murnane calculate that, between 1972 and 2006, high-income parents increased their spending on “enrichment activities” for their children by 151 percent in inflation-adjusted terms, compared to 57 percent for low-income parents.
But, of course, it’s not just a matter of dollars and cents. It’s also a matter of letters and words. Affluent parents talk to their kids three more hours a week on average than poor parents, which is critical during a child’s formative early years. That’s why, as Stanford professor Sean Reardon explains, “rich students are increasingly entering kindergarten much better prepared to succeed in school than middle-class students,” and they’re staying that way.
It’s an educational arms race that’s leaving many kids far, far behind.
It’s depressing, but not nearly so much as this:
Even poor kids who do everything right don’t do much better than rich kids who do everything wrong. Advantages and disadvantages, in other words, tend to perpetuate themselves. You can see that in the above chart, based on a new paper from Richard Reeves and Isabel Sawhill, presented at the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston’s annual conference, which is underway.
Specifically, rich high school dropouts remain in the top about as much as poor college grads stay stuck in the bottom — 14 versus 16 percent, respectively. Not only that, but these low-income strivers are just as likely to end up in the bottom as these wealthy ne’er-do-wells. Some meritocracy.
What’s going on? Well, it’s all about glass floors and glass ceilings. Rich kids who can go work for the family business — and, in Canada at least, 70 percent of the sons of the top 1 percent do just that — or inherit the family estate don’t need a high school diploma to get ahead. It’s an extreme example of what economists call “opportunity hoarding.” That includes everything from legacy college admissions to unpaid internships that let affluent parents rig the game a little more in their children’s favor.
But even if they didn’t, low-income kids would still have a hard time getting ahead. That’s, in part, because they’re targets for diploma mills that load them up with debt, but not a lot of prospects. And even if they do get a good degree, at least when it comes to black families, they’re more likely to still live in impoverished neighborhoods that keep them disconnected from opportunities.
It’s not quite a heads-I-win, tails-you-lose game where rich kids get better educations, yet still get ahead even if they don’t—but it’s close enough. And if it keeps up, the American Dream will be just that.
What Harajuku Girls Look Like These DaysNew video about modern Japanese decorafashion by Refinery29! We helped to connect the producers with the Harajuku kids for this video. I’m very happy that they treat the subculture - and the people in it - with respect. We never know how things will turn out when we connect foreign media to Harajuku subcultures, but this one is well done. Please check out the video!
This honestly was such a good watch! It is always a bit scary sometimes when people do informational pieces on fashions like decora because you worry how they are going to perceive it but I can honestly say this was a good piece. It was so nice to see how the japanese decora cuties feel about their fashion and it was also cool that they compared it to how decora originally looked when it began. I guess Im just so glad that decora is a fashion thats still alive and kicking (even if its just in small groups) because its a fashion that makes me so extraordinarily happy.
A great watch! Brought me back to the FRUiTS livejournal days <3
Girls, romanticize yourselves. You are a queen. You are a warrior. You are an enchantress. You are a mermaid. You are a goddess. You are all of these things and more, you are the stuff of fairytales.
Women, traumatize others. You are a dragon. You are a wolf. You are a bump in the night. You are the last thing they see in the darkness. You are all of these things and more, you are the heart of their fucking nightmares.
who weren’t androids or aliens
whose asexuality wasn’t seen as something needing to be ‘fixed’
and who aren’t socipaths
Does godzilla count as a sociopath?
TO BE HONEST I WOULDN’T REALLY USE GODZILLA AS A SHINING EXAMPLE OF ASEXUAL REPRESENTATION IN MEDIA BECAUSE GODZILLA IS A HUGE FUCKING LIZARD
Forgot to mention this - saw the re-releases at a toys r us today (so cal), the label said BF MH Doll - so it looks like it’s confirmed they’re Black Friday, but apparently not limited to Walmart.
Of course being Toys R Us - they were charging $20 for them - I assume they’ll charge a Black Friday price only on Black Friday.
food should be free. water should be free. housing should be free. power, fuel, electricity should be free. basic necessities should be free.
the idea of “people should have to work for a living” carries the implication that some people deserve to die